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VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2023 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Lung Ultrasound as a Novel Tool to Assess the Severity and Management of Neonatal Pneumonia

Divya Durga, Usha Devi, Kirti Gupta, Akhil Maheshwari, Pradeep Suryawanshi

Keywords : Alveolar-interstitial pattern, A-lines, Air bronchograms, Atelectasis, B-lines, Comet tail artifacts, Community-acquired, Consolidation, Dynamic air bronchograms, ESPNIC, Empyema, Hemithorax, Hepatization, High-frequency linear array transducer probe, Lobar lung collapse, Lung sliding, Lung ultrasound, Meconium aspiration syndrome, Micro-atelectasis, Neonatal pneumonia, Pleural line, Pneumonia, Point-of-care lung ultrasound, Respiratory distress syndrome, Static air bronchograms, Subpleural consolidations, Synpneumonic, Transient tachypnea, Transient tachypnea of newborn, Ventilator-associated pneumonia

Citation Information : Durga D, Devi U, Gupta K, Maheshwari A, Suryawanshi P. Lung Ultrasound as a Novel Tool to Assess the Severity and Management of Neonatal Pneumonia. 2023; 2 (4):291-296.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11002-0076

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 05-01-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Abstract

The use of lung ultrasound in neonatal intensive care units has greatly increased in recent years. Multicentric studies and meta-analyses have shown ultrasound as a tool with good sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of severe neonatal and childhood pneumonia. However, we still lack a standardized scoring system for neonatal pneumonia. In this paper, we propose a 5-grade lung ultrasound score (LUS) for increasing the severity of pneumonia, which indicates its progression and onset of associated complications. This bedside score using lung ultrasound will help in early detection, assessment of severity, and the need for timely administration of antibiotics.


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