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VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2022 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Role of Near-infrared Spectroscopy in the Diagnosis and Assessment of Necrotizing Enterocolitis

Vinayak Mishra, Amit A Mathur, Shakir Mohamed, Akhil Maheshwari

Keywords : Near-infrared spectroscopy, Necrotizing enterocolitis, Neonatology, Newborn, Preterm infant

Citation Information : Mishra V, Mathur AA, Mohamed S, Maheshwari A. Role of Near-infrared Spectroscopy in the Diagnosis and Assessment of Necrotizing Enterocolitis. 2022; 1 (1):177-181.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11002-0001

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 31-03-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a noninvasive, bedside diagnostic tool that could assist in the early diagnosis of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm neonates. NIRS is a safe and effective clinical tool in the neonatal intensive care unit to detect abnormal alterations in tissue perfusion and oxygenation. In addition, NIRS could also detect the complications of NEC, such as bowel necrosis and perforation. NEC is the most common gastrointestinal complication associated with preterm birth and critically ill infants. It is observed in 6–10% of preterm neonates, weighing below 1500 g, leading to considerable morbidity, mortality, and healthcare cost burden. The mortality rate ranges from 20 to 30%, highest in NEC infants undergoing surgery. NIRS is a promising diagnostic modality that could facilitate the early diagnosis of NEC and early detection of complications alone or with the imaging modalities.


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