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VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2022 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Let's Talk about Dex: When do the Benefits of Dexamethasone for Prevention of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Outweigh the Risks?

Thuy Nguyen, Brian K Jordan

Keywords : Bronchopulmonary dysplasia, Corticosteroids, Dexamethasone, Prematurity

Citation Information : Nguyen T, Jordan BK. Let's Talk about Dex: When do the Benefits of Dexamethasone for Prevention of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Outweigh the Risks?. 2022; 1 (1):91-96.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11002-0009

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 31-03-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the most common complication of extreme prematurity and carries increased respiratory morbidity into childhood and adulthood. Systemic administration of dexamethasone during the preterm period has been shown to decrease the incidence of BPD in this population. However, enthusiasm about its use has been tempered by early evidence that suggested potential adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. More recent studies suggest that the timing, dosing, and duration of therapy may have a significant impact on the safety and efficacy of dexamethasone administration and that side effects and harms may be minimized if its use is appropriately targeted. Focusing on studies published since the 2010s American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) statement on dexamethasone, this review seeks to examine the evidence from recent clinical trials to present the current state of knowledge regarding the systemic dexamethasone administration to prevent BPD in extremely premature infants and how dose, duration, and timing might impact its safety and efficacy in this vulnerable population.


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